A literature review of clinical tests for lumbar instability in low back pain: validity and applicability in clinical practice

Chiropractic & Manual Therapies


Several clinical tests have been proposed on low back pain (LBP), but their usefulness in detecting lumbar instability is not yet clear. The objective of this literature review was to investigate the clinical validity of the main clinical tests used for the diagnosis of lumbar instability in individuals with LBP and to verify their applicability in everyday clinical practice.